User guide: asylum seekers supported under Section 95 data dashboard

The Migration Yorkshire asylum seekers dashboard presents an area profile about asylum seekers for each local authority area in Yorkshire and Humber.

It will be updated every quarter when new data is released by the Home Office usually in the last week of February, May, August and November.

Watch this detailed video user guide for more support on how to use the dashboard.

What’s covered in the dashboard?

The data covers asylum seekers who are awaiting a decision on their asylum application and are supported under Section 95 of the 1999 Act including:

  • individuals who are destitute and living in no-choice dispersal housing [known as dispersed accommodation], and
  • individuals receiving a subsistence allowance only, not housing.

In the absence of local level data, regional data about the nationality of asylum seekers supported under Section 95 is included for context, as well as national data about asylum applications, applications awaiting initial decisions and outcomes of initial decisions made.

What’s not covered in the dashboard?

The data does not cover those asylum seekers who are waiting for a decision on their Section 95 application [so may be supported under Section 98], who have had their claim refused but are still living in dispersal housing [so may be supported under Section 4], whose cases are considered closed or unaccompanied children.

Further notes on using the data

Craven, East Riding, Hambleton, Harrogate, North Lincolnshire, Richmondshire, Ryedale, Scarborough, Selby and York don’t participate in the dispersal scheme, so counts for them usually will be 0. However, small numbers may appear from time to time due to temporary arrangements or because people on subsistence only support may be living with family or friends in these areas.

The number of asylum seekers at any time is dependent upon: numbers arriving in the UK, the proportion the Home Office sends to our region to be accommodated, the location of available housing and existing connections, the speed at which the Home Office concludes asylum applications and what happens post decision.

How do you operate the dashboard?

The dashboard has been designed to be viewed on a laptop or desktop screen and is less compatible on mobile screens.

The dashboard presents differently based on the zoom level of your browser. To see the tabs for all the visualisation included in each section set your browser zoom level between 75% and 90%. If you have difficulty reading the text or seeing the visualisations you can increase the zoom level, however the tabs will disappear and you will have to click the arrows to browse through the visualisations in each section.

We encourage you to view visualisations in full screen mode to ensure the complete text, visualisation and labels are clearly visible. You can do this by clicking the maximise icon [circle with arrows which appears at the top right of the visualisation when you hover over it] and minimise again by clicking the same icon.

Dashboard structure

The dashboard is laid out in a similar structure to other Migration Yorkshire dashboards, with:

  • a panel at the left of the screen including information about the time period the profile covers, a link to the original data source [in case you want to download data separately], what is and isn’t included in the dashboard, some brief instructions, links to detailed video and text user guides and other Migration Yorkshire data and statistics outputs and details about our funder the European Union Asylum Migration and Integration Fund.
  • a header at the top of the screen including three filters which you can use to select the local authority, city region or sub region you want to view.
    • You can only select one area in one filter at a time, the remaining filters need to stay on Yorkshire and Humber - otherwise the dashboard presents ‘no data’ or incorrect data.
    • Data may take some time to load if the dashboard is being used by many people at the same time [a spinning wheel appears in the visualisation]. It will be rare for this to happen, however if it does, you are advised to wait for the data to load or click refresh.
  • The profile for Yorkshire and Humber opens by default [figures in the Yorkshire and Humber profile are a sum or average of local authority figures so these may slightly differ from other regional totals published].

Sections of the dashboard

The main body of this dashboard has four sections.

The top left section provides information about the total number of asylum seekers supported under Section 95 at the end of the latest quarter for the selected area. Click on the tabs at the bottom of the section to see:

  • a breakdown by support type.
    • You can hover over data points in any visualisation to view a data label.
  • a timeseries showing numbers over time since 2014.
    • Information and guidance about data and interactivity is provided at the bottom of visualisations when applicable.
    • The latest period in all the timeseries is referred to as ‘NOW’, to support automation of the dashboard - the specific dates are referenced in the side panel.
    • A scroll bar is made available at the top of visualisations with a long x axis to allow users to zoom into specific sections. Click on ‘show all’ to return to the full series.
  • a comparison of Yorkshire and Humber local authorities and UK regions and nations.
    • Consider viewing these visualisations in full screen mode if all local authority or region/nation names are not visible.
  • a pie chart showing the nationality of asylum seekers supported under Section 95 in Yorkshire and Humber at the end of the latest quarter followed by a timeseries for the top 20 nationalities.
    • Data for Yorkshire and Humber is presented here because data is not available at local level.
    • For these visualisations and others that include nationality data - Stateless, Refugees, British Overseas Citizens, Other and Unknown nationalities are counted as UK. Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan have been counted with China.
    • You can scroll through the legend to browse all data in the visualisation.

The next two sections follow a similar format with a timeseries, Yorkshire and Humber local authority comparison and UK region/nation comparison, however:

  • the top right section shows information about those in dispersed accommodation at the end of the latest quarter.
    • Local authorities are often interested in the number of dispersed asylum seekers as they are interested in the housing, cohesion and integration implications.
  • the lower left section provides information about the rate of asylum seekers in dispersed accommodation per 200 of the population at the end of the latest quarter.
    • There is consensus that there shouldn’t be more than 1 asylum seeker per 200 population in a local area, so this indicator allows you to see how close an area is to this ‘cluster limit’.
    • This standardised rate also allows you to make direct comparisons between different areas.
    • The latest Office of National Statistics mid-year population estimate is used to calculate this ratio and may not necessarily equate to other cluster ratios released by the government.
    • Use the timeseries chart in this section only for local authorities. The timeseries chart should not be used for Yorkshire and Humber, city region and sub region [as the rate is calculated taking an average of rates from local authorities included, which is incorrect at sub regional and regional level].

The lower right section of the dashboard includes:

  • a map illustrating various data sources about asylum seekers on local authority, regional and world maps. We recommend you view this visualisation in full screen mode to see maps and pop-up windows clearly. To interact with the map:
    • click the layers list [top right, third diamond icon] to view different map layers.
    • click the eye icon to switch a layer on or off. We recommend you view only one layer at a time, otherwise the map becomes hard to read with overlapping layers.
    • click the legend list [top right, second bullet list icon] to see how data has been categorised.
    • click any area on the map to view a brief area summary.
    • zoom and drag with your mouse to navigate around the map, use the zoom buttons and click the home button [top right, first house icon] to return to the default Yorkshire and Humber view.
  • tabs presenting national level data in the absence of local level data to provide additional context:
    • the second tab presents a timeseries showing the number of asylum applications made in the UK since 2002 and the third tab breaks this down for the top 20 nationalities.
    • the fourth tab displays a timeseries showing the number of asylum applications awaiting an initial decision in the UK since 2002, with the next tab breaking this down for the top 20 nationalities.
    • the final tab shows the outcome of initial decisions made in the UK in the latest year for the top 20 nationalities.

Unfortunately, there is no functionality to download data from the visualisations; you can refer to the link to the original data source in the side panel if you require this.

You can use the snipping tool or print screen functions on your device to take copies of any visualisation [ensure the time period and what is covered or not covered in the data from the side panel is included to avoid confusion].

There is a lot to take in at first sight. We would encourage you to take time to read or watch the user guides and familiarise yourself with the contents of each section [pay attention to areas selected in the filters, time periods, when data is at local, regional or national level, titles of charts and axes and supporting information at the bottom of the section].

We hope this dashboard is useful for you to learn about asylum seekers, influence policy and strategy and develop evidence-based services.

This is a new method for Migration Yorkshire to share data and statistics. We’d appreciate hearing your feedback and comments, please contact


Page last updated: 24/02/2022 15:57:09

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